Days before the virus crisis conquered the world and Bulgaria, the UN Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (ratified in 1981), known as CEDAW, completed the country's 8th monitoring cycle. The Gender Alternatives Foundation team once again participated in the procedure with its own report, which was presented at a committee meeting in February.
State representatives are obliged to translate and distribute this report to all state institutions. The Gender Alternative Foundation is also working to translate the text so that it can reach more interested parties, and especially women, who, if they fail to fulfill their obligations under the Convention, have led to specific complaints to the UN Committee against Bulgaria.
However, we are very impressed by the mistake that the CEDAW Committee Report begins with!
It is a fact that the UN recognizes as a great success and a great step forward in protecting the rights of women and children, adopted in 2019. Social Services Act. For some reason in February 2020. the representatives of Bulgaria before the UN Committee did not say that on 20.12.2019. the law was postponed and instead of coming into force on 01/01/2020, it was postponed to 01/07/2020. Later, the Constitutional Court was also brought before the court, with doubts that this law, for which Bulgaria was praised in the UN report, may be contrary to the Bulgarian Constitution. His fate is not clear, but by the time of the UN Committee meeting in February, the Social Services Act had certainly not come into force, and the committee members knew it because they were representatives of state institutions.
There are many points on which the UN makes its recommendations. Discriminatory practices against married women are reported and an example is given of the fact that, for example, average bodily harm caused by spouses is not investigated by the Prosecutor's Office. Thus, the Penal Code directly discriminates against married women, placing them in a less favorable position than unmarried women.
Emphasis is also placed on combating early marriages, cohabiting with girls under 16, early pregnancy and childbirth. Issues that the UN Committee has linked to the lack of a compulsory subject in the school's sexual health and rights program, and the lack of teacher training in that subject.
Expect a thorough analysis of the UN CEDAW Committee document as well as a comprehensive translation soon on the YES Foundation website.